Syria, c. 3300-3000 BC
h. 3.1 cm
This little figure is associated with the city and wider region of Uruk in southern Mesopotamia (modern Iraq). Excavations of the area have demonstrated that it was a settled and literate society, with people living in social hierarchies, in towns and villages, occupying buildings ranging from domestic to monumental. This female image has folded arms and an unusual walking posture. But in general, the pose and fleshy form has similarities with those of votive figures and so called ‘Venus figurines’ from the same period from many cultures in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East.